Cataract

Cataract is the most commonly seen disease of old age responsible for highest percentage of blindness worldwide. It is due to the opacity in the lense fibers altering its appearance from crystalline to opaque thus blocking vision. Multiple reasons are thought to be responsible for this opacity. Multiple clinical patterns are seen for this disease i.e. central, cortical, floral etc. Maximum cataract cases are seen in their late sixties but this is not universally applicable. You need not to be a senior citizen to develop age related cataract. Sometimes age related cataract develops in 40’s of 50’s. You need not to rush for surgery until cataract disturbs your day to day activities like driving, reading or watching T.V. Some people may develop cataract as secondary complication due to long term use of some medicines for their systemic disease and some may develop cataract after an eye injury. Many children may develop congenital cataract due to some genetic anomalies. They may be born with cataract or develop it in their early childhood.

Symptoms of Cataract:

 

Who are at risk for developing Cataract:

Diabetic patients and people whose eyes are either exposed to high temperature or bright light are at higher risk of developing cataract.

Treatment of cataract:

Cataract in Ayurveda is thought to be due to vitiation of all three doshas i.e. vata, pitta & kapha. A detailed clinical pattern is described for cataract in Ayurveda with prognosis. Ayurveda believes that cataract can be reversed if it is diagnosed in initial stage. Timira is the name given to describe all clinical conditions of cataract and its complications. Ayurveda texts also talk about the surgical treatments for mature cataract which was popular in India and worldwide in ancient times called as needing or couching. While talking about the medical treatments, life style modifications are recommended from unhealthy (or so called unhealthy) to strict healthy and instructed to follow the principles of health. The medical treatment cannot only prevent the progression of disease but also reduce the opacity and hence increase vision up to certain extent. The major procedures adopted for treatment of cataract are

  1. Virechana
  2. Anjana
  3. Aschotana
  4. Medical treatments
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